Scars are visible marks that stay on after a wound has healed after surgery. Nobody can avoid of having scars after surgery, or as a result of injury.
What are scars?
Scars are visible marks that stay on after a wound has healed after surgery. Nobody can avoid of having scars after surgery, or as a result of injury. Sometimes, their development is unpredictable. Despite the fact that the wound is healing well it can happen that it will result into a scar that affects your appearance. Scars may be different in colour or texture surrounding healthy tissue.
Creating of scars
An exuberant healing response to the skin injury represents keloids and hypertrophic scars. If you are under 30 years and have darker skin you are at high risk to get keloids. Shoulders, upper arms, earlobes, cheeks and sternal skin are easy target to keloids and hypertrophic scars. As well, burns, ear piercing, and other factors that prolongs wound healing are high risks for creating of keloids and hypertrophic scars.
When skin is insured, scar tissue is being formed over the wound in order to repair and preserve the injury. It may happen that scar tissue grows excessively. Normal scar is made up of connective tissue, fibres deposit in the skin by the fibroblasts which holds the wound closed.
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When it comes to keloids, the fibroblasts continue to multiply despite the fact that the wound is filled in. Keloids are typical for being much larger than the wound. Keloid is pink or red in colour and is quite itchy, and may be painful. Forming keloid can be prevented by immediate usage of silicone elastomer sheeting, taping to reduce skin tension, or corticosteroid injections.
A hypertrophic scars are quite common and may look similar to a keloid. The difference is that they do not get as big as keloids. Also they may fade after some time. They do not extend beyond border of the original wound. They may improve in the period of 1 - 2 years. May cause distress because of their appearance or itchiness. Hypertrophic scars can be inherited, too. It is impossible to completely prevent hypertrophic scars. What can be done is scar therapy, which may help to fasten the process of transition from a hypertrophic scar to flatter and paler one.
After surgery, you should not be in hurry in trying to recover faster. If you give your body enough resting you will see later that it was worth it. Your scars will slowly become less noticeable over time.